In the year 995, monks from Chester-le-Street brought St. Cuthber’s body here to protect it from the Danes. They chose the naturally fortified site within an incised loop of the River Wear as the setting for their new cathedral. As late as 1075 it rebuffed a Danish attack. The only landward approach to the promontory is guarded by Durham Castle, which was established by William the Conqueror in 1072 but was soon given to Bishop Welcher. The castle remained the chief seat of the bishops of Durham until 1836, when Bishop Van Mildert gave it to the newly founded university. It now serves as University College.
As seen from across the Wear, castle and cathedral form a magnificent spectacle. It is the cathedral which dominates, but this can only be expected of England’s celebrated Norman church. Above the river the castle presents a purely residential façade, the domestic buildings protruding from the great hall to the edge of the precipice. Clearly, the steep drop was considered protection enough. Whereas Durham Cathedral is still essentially a Norman building, the castle exhibits architecture of every century from the eleventh to the nineteenth, reflecting the changing tastes of the bishops, and is memorable as a palace rather than a fortress. In outline, however, the castle is still a Norman stronghold, comprising a triangular bailey overlooked by a large motte.
The promontory within the loop of the Wear was given a stone enclosure wall for extra protection under Bishop Flambard in the early twelfth century. Much of this wall remains in a featureless condition, particularly on the west side beyond the cathedral building. Near the soythern apex is the Water Gate, rebuilt in 1778. The short gap between the castle motte and the eastern arm of the river was closed by a stronger wall and ditch.
Durham offers a lot of activities for visitors and residents to do. There are about a quarter of a million people who currently reside in Durham with around 5 million people who visit annually. Currently Durham is considered one of the centers for learning in North Carolina.
Durham has very good colleges which take up residence there. Currently Duke University takes up residence in Durham. This college is known throughout the world and is considered a very good college. This helps attract a younger crowd to Durham and helps bring arts and culture to the community. It also brings about a good education and keeps a lot of the kids in town.
The other college in Durham is the North Carolina Central University. This isn’t as world renowned as Duke but it does provide a good education and helps bring more jobs and culture to the community.
Both colleges have their own art museums. They both have reasonable admissions fees and can help you experience some of the culture that is located inside Durham.
There is an abundant supply of sports to choose from in Durham. You can go watch a local football, baseball, or basketball game at one of the colleges when they are playing or visit some of the local golf courses for some fun on the green.
Parks can be found where you can go to throw a frisbee or just let the kids play. This allows you to have a nice relaxing evening and get out of the house. There are also trails and nature walks in and around Durham for people who wish to explore nature.
Durham is a great city for any tourist or resident who wishes to have some fun with their life. There is a lot that is offered to all types of people and you can never run out of things to do. So, if you’re seeking a great place to live, check out Durham and what it has to offer.