Asperger’s Syndrome is one type of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It is closely associated with Autism, another type under ASD. One major difference between patients of the 2 disorders however, is that people with Aperger’s Syndrome (AS) have developed language skills and can communicate using language, though not as efficient as others.
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), Asperger’s is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by an inability to understand how to interact socially. AS can be noticed during childhood, and is characterized by peculiar behavior, social isolation, strange way of speaking, aggression, clumsiness and poor motor skills, and a fixation for a certain area of interest, disregarding all other topics and age-appropriate subject matter.
The cause of AS is yet to be discovered, though theories such as heredity, genetic difference, or brain abnormality have been considered. Furthermore, diagnosing a child of Asperger’s is not as easy, since there is no single test that could spot AS. One would need a group of experts on the area of Developmental Disorders, a thorough inspection of medical history of the child and his/her family, and undergoing physical and neurological exams, especially when diagnosing an adult with AS.
It is indeed a difficult task to raise a child with AS, but the sooner it is diagnosed, the better. There is no full-proof way of managing people with AS, and there is no cure for this Disorder. Furthermore, there’s no medication that can control the core symptoms of Asperger’s.
The ideal treatment would be therapy which should be individually tailored based on the capabilities of the person. A program which involves social skills training, cognitive behavioral therapy, speech therapy and physical therapy may help a child or even a adult with AS to function in their environment. Though no medication has been created or discovered for AS itself, professionals may also use prescriptions for the symptoms or AS, such as depression and anxiety disorder.
It is also helpful for parents to take undergo specialized training in handling their child with AS. Previous studies have shown a large probability of parents divorcing due to the constraints of having a child with this kind behavior disorder, and of course, this solution would do nothing to help the child cope at all. In contrary, the child would lose a stable environment because of shifting from one parent’s place to another, and might just heighten aggression and depression tendencies because of the ambiguous parenting skills of separated parents.
Establishing an ideal family environment, with understanding and supportive parents and siblings, may largely contribute to the well-being of a person with Asperger’s. One study have shown that parents who have undergone workshops on how to deal with Asperger’s Syndrome reported less behavioral problems with their child.
People with Asperger’s still have a huge chance of living a normal life with proper training and assistance. They can undergo Vocational Education, aside from the therapies, so that they may be trained in proper work etiquettes as well as skills needed to function at work. One can go as far as saying that Asperger’s Syndrome is not a Disorder, but only a sign of difference from one person to the next.